We as the participants of the ‘Youth Peace Ambassadors’ project were asked to explore more about the system of human rights protection in our native country. Having done this we would like to share with you some issues related to this topic.
First of all the main law protecting human rights in Russia is the Constitution of the Russian Federation (part 2, articles 17-64; http://www.constitution.ru/) in which human rights as a highest value is a base of civil society and the state. Human rights are assigned not only to citizens but also to foreigners, refugees, displaced persons and illegal migrants. International law standards are proclaimed as the supreme part of the national legislation.
The base of the national legislation is the following international documents:
- The International Bill of Human Rights including Universal Declaration of Human Rights, the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights with its two Optional Protocols and the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (was ratified else by the USSR in 1966 and the Russian Federation continues implementing these commitments);
- The European Convention on Human Rights (was ratified in 1998);
- The European Social Chapter (with additional Protocol) (was ratified in 2009);
- The European Convention for the Prevention of Torture and Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment (was ratified in 1998);
- The Framework Convention for the Protection of National Minorities (was ratified in 1998).